Dan Yedu Quansah It is hoped that this baseline data will, in addition to preservation of indigenous knowledge, generate interest for studies regarding the harvesting patterns, bioactivity, and safety of the medicinal plants being used. Efforts a imed at promoting traditional medicinal plants to Only infusions were administered via the rectal and nasal routes. However, indigenous knowledge about herbal medicines of many Ghanaian cultures has not yet been investigated. Text Herbal medicines were prepared in the form of decoctions (67%) and infusions (33%). converted to PDF/A-2b Also included is new information for unlicensed medicines and DNA barcoding. 5 Common Edible Medicinal Plants Found in Ghana #1: Senna Siamea. It is part of the bean family Fabaceae, as it produces tender pods and edible seeds. URI Text endobj It is widely known that members of the families contain secondary metabolites such as tannins, phenolics, and alkaloids that are responsible for their bioactivity. October 9, 2017. A total of 80 healers from the study area were initially approached through peer recommendations. conformance We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Infusions were made by adding water/local gin (akpeteshie) to the pulverized plant materials although the amount of solvent added and duration of use of infusions differed. Send your news stories to … Towns, and D. Quiroz, “The medicine from behind: The frequent use of enemas in western African traditional medicine,”. internal PDF/X ID Schema Although there are current efforts to integrate herbal medicine (HM) into mainstream healthcare in Ghana, there is paucity of empirical evidence on the acceptability and concurrent use of HM, in the formal health facilities in Ghana. Herbal medicine,Integration,Acceptability,Perception,Disclosure,Mainstream healthcare,Kumasi,Ghana Science and Technology Policy Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, 2007 - Materia medica, Vegetable - 295 pages. For example, a new version might only need to specify the instance ID and version number of the previous version, or a rendition might only need to specify the instance ID and rendition class of the original. Subsequently, detailed interviews for purposes of data collection were carried out with only healers that agreed to participate in the study and have signed an individual written prior informed consent. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript. Kumasi uuid:6b655e57-b237-4541-9ad5-ef80ef2e6589 It also means that herbal medicines made by the same healer could vary in potency, which has implications in their use for treatment of patients. xmpMM Integration Some of the important trends in the global pharmacopoeial landscape are summarised as follows. Plant identification was achieved by matching local names with those in standard literature  following the work of  as well as by comparison of the voucher specimens collected with those in the Ghana Herbarium at Department of Plant and Environmental Biology, University of Ghana. Acceptability orcid The natives are the Akuapim people although other ethnic groups are common in the area. GTS_PDFXVersion 0 Reviews. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) about 80% of developing countries depend on traditional medicines for their primary health care needs . Copyright © 2017 Augustine A. Boadu and Alex Asase. Daniel Boateng Series editor information: contains the name of each series editor and his/her ORCID identifier. name Augustine A. Boadu conducted field work and identification of plants. http://springernature.com/ns/xmpExtensions/2.0/authorInfo/ Specifies the types of series editor information: name and ORCID of a series editor. Temperatures are usually high ranging between 26 and 35°C. The study was conducted in eight communities in southern Ghana. Herbal drugs: sampling and sample preparation EUROPEAN PHARMACOPOEIA 6.0 01/2008:20820 2.8.20. 450 km2 and is located on longitude 6°1′N and latitude 0°50′W and at altitude 408 m above sea level. part Studies have indicated that indigenous knowledge about herbal medicines is continuously being lost through factors such as acculturation and biodiversity losses. external Amendment of PDF/A standard Part B. Calixto, “Twenty-five years of research on medicinal plants in Latin America: a personal view,”, A. Hensel, E. Kisseih, M. Lechtenberg, F. Petereit, C. Agyare, and A. Asase, “From ethnopharmacological field study to phytochemistry and preclinical research: the example of Ghanaian medicinal plants for improved wound healing,” in. Here, we investigated aspects of the diversity and harvesting of medicinal plants as well as the modes of preparation and routes of administration of the herbal medicines. Classification and names of plants were authenticated using The Plant List (2013) database (http://www.theplantlist.org). 1 0 obj Information on considerations on factors of place and time during harvesting of medicinal plants by healers in some communities in southern Ghana. Identifies a portion of a document. Gives the ORCID of an author. However, indigenous knowledge about herbal medicines of many Ghanaian cultures has not yet been investigated. R. N. Mshana, D. K. Abbiw, I. Addae-Mensah et al., J. Soelberg, A. Asase, G. Akwetey, and A. K. Jäger, “Historical versus contemporary medicinal plant uses in Ghana,”, J. Buragohain, “Ethnomedicinal plants used by the ethnic communities of Tinsukia district of Assam, India,”, S. T. Mahwasane, L. Middleton, and N. Boaduo, “An ethnobotanical survey of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used by the traditional healers of the Lwamondo area, Limpopo province, South Africa,”, D. J. Newman, G. M. Cragg, and K. M. Snader, “Natural products as sources of new drugs over the period 1981–2002,”, M. S. Butler, “The role of natural product chemistry in drug discovery,”, T. van Andel, B. Myren, and S. Van Onselen, “Ghana's herbal market,”, T. R. van Andel, S. Croft, E. E. van Loon, D. Quiroz, A. M. Towns, and N. Raes, “Prioritizing West African medicinal plants for conservation and sustainable extraction studies based on market surveys and species distribution models,”. Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2015) 3rd edition. It is a minimal reference; missing components can be assumed to be unchanged. At Herbalife, we value the relationship our Independent Distributors build with their customers. About 28% of the healers harvested plants anytime of the day, which might suggest that healers also collected plants as when they are needed. Traditional medicine is an important component of the health care system of most developing countries. Gives the name of an editor. Gives the name of an author. Secondary forests are gaining more importance for medicinal plant collection as old-growth forests are becoming scarce and overexploited [23, 24]. Thanks are due to the staff of the Ghana Herbarium for assistance in the identification of the plants. UUID based identifier for specific incarnation of a document http://ns.adobe.com/xap/1.0/mm/ (2) Which plant parts are most frequently used? The results of the study show that herbal medicines are used for treatment and management of both common and specialized human diseases and that factors of place and time are considered important during harvesting of plants for treatments. Among the conditions treated with X. aethiopica in traditional medicine are cough (fruits and roots) bronchitis, dysentery and biliousness (fruits and stem bark) and boils and sores (leaves and bark) (Irvine, 1961; Usher, 1974; Burkill, 1985; Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia, 1992; Mshana et al., 2000). http://springernature.com/ns/xmpExtensions/2.0/seriesEditorInfo/ One of the major constraints to the growth of a … Knowledge of frequently reported diseases and/ailments can be an indication of health care issues in a region and it should be of great importance to health care organizations and government. Of the 28 families of plants, members of the Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Asteraceae, and Sapindaceae were the most commonly used ones (12% in each case) in the herbal medicines (Figure 2(a)). In total, 52 species of plants belonging to 28 plant families were documented (Table 2). The authors are grateful to the chiefs and herbalists living in the study area for providing information and permission to publish the findings of this study. The present study was conducted following the guidelines of the Code of Ethics of the International Society of Ethnobiology . What people are saying - Write a review. The interviews were based on the plants being used, diseases and ailments treated, modes of preparation and administration of the herbal remedies, and factors of time and place that they consider as important when harvesting medicinal plants. EditorInformation Specifies the types of editor information: name and ORCID of an editor. The present study was conducted in 8 communities located within Akuapim-North Municipality and Lower Manya-Krobo Municipality in southern Ghana (Figure 1). editor (3) Which diseases are commonly treated with the herbal medicines? 10.1186/s12906-017-2025-4 Kofi Busia. Topography of an area affects rainfall, soil type, and amount of light reaching a plant and therefore indirectly also affects plant growth and development. For biodiversity conservation, it is also important to know what quantities of plant materials are harvested, not only for home consumption but also for trade. PlateNames This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Data were collected from 45 healers using ethnobotanical questionnaire and voucher specimens were collected. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine URI The use of members of the above families in herbal medicines is widely known in Ghana . Click Download or Read Online button to get ghana herbal pharmacopoeia book now. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Despite the recent interest in molecular modelling, combinatorial chemistry, and other synthetic chemistry techniques by pharmaceutical companies and funding organizations, natural products, and particularly medicinal plants, remain an important source of new drugs, new drug leads, and new chemical entities (NCEs) [9, 10]. 2017-11-29T23:00:17+08:00 The aim of the present study was to document herbal medicines used by traditional healers to treat and manage human diseases and ailments by some communities living in Ghana. Adobe PDF Schema About half of the healers harvested plant materials from forest-mosaic vegetation type while 7% of the healers considered vegetation type unimportant when harvesting plants. the Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (GHP) in 2007 . Text Trees formed the majority (37%) of the plants being used (Figure 2(b)). The benefit of a high proportion of leaves being used is also that the threat posed to the populations of the plant community is minimal compared to harvesting of roots and barks. endstream Thirdly, biodiversity conservation can be enhanced when information about plants that are harvested and utilized in the management of ailments within particular areas are available . Firstly, it ensures that indigenous culture heritage is preserved from being lost for the use of both present and future generations . Even as we speak, the current generation in most of the African countries relies heavily on herbal medicine for various health cure requirements such as medicines for sexually transmitted infections. According to the healers they collected plants any time of the day because they sometimes needed to treat emergency cases. URI Data were collected from 45 traditional healers (Table 1) through interviews using semistructured questionnaire with predetermined open-ended and direct questions . Company Composition of herbal remedies used in terms of (a) plant families, (b) habit of plants, and (c) percentage of plant parts. http://springernature.com/ns/xmpExtensions/2.0/editorInfo/ converted The use of herbal medicine in Ghana is widespread but highly diverse due to floristic and cultural diversity, and traditional medicine has huge impacts on the local economy and biodiversity conservation. The fact that oral route of administration of the herbals was most common was not a surprise as this has been previously reported [18, 32]. internal <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/ColorSpace<>/Font<>>>/Thumb 18 0 R/MediaBox[0 0 595.276 790.866]/Annots[19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R]/Rotate 0>> http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7568-7298 About 57% of healers harvested plants in the morning followed by 28.9% who collected plants anytime of the day and then 4.4% that collected plants in the afternoon. In this paper, we have documented the current state of knowledge and use of herbal medicines for treatment and management of human diseases among some communities living in southern Ghana. OriginalDocumentID Secondly, through further research such as phytochemical, biochemical, pharmacological, and clinical studies information on indigenous herbal medicines can lead to discovery of new bioactive agents for treatment of ailments. 2017-12-01T04:28:49+01:00 The rich history of use of herbal medicines and innovative utilization of plants as sources of medicines in Ghana, and broadly within Africa, has been passed down through generations largely as oral tradition  and as such it is important that this knowledge be documented. Augustine A. Boadu, Alex Asase, "Documentation of Herbal Medicines Used for the Treatment and Management of Human Diseases by Some Communities in Southern Ghana", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. Selection of the studied communities was based on preliminary surveys by the first author, which showed that traditional healers in the communities possess rich but undocumented traditional knowledge about use of herbal medicines. XMP Media Management Schema In Ghana, almost 75% of the population is recorded to use traditional cure at certain phases in thei… All our natural (herbal/alternative) medicines are based on research from Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia, health plants books, other encyclopedias and field experience. According to , time of the day should be given important consideration when collecting medicinal plants in order to obtain optimum yield of desired products. internal XMP08 Spec: An ordered array of plate names that are needed to print the document (including any in contained documents). Healers were interviewed individually, and the interviews were mostly conducted in their homes and places where they collected plants for treatments. The routes of administration of the remedies reported in this study were oral, rectal, topical, and nasal (Table 1). The selection of the communities was also based on the perceived willingness of healers in the communities to cooperate with the objectives of our study. Documentation of Herbal Medicines Used for the Treatment and Management of Human Diseases by Some Communities in Southern Ghana, Department of Plant and Environmental Biology, University of Ghana, P.O. pdfaid URI Text Our result is similar to that of , which indicated that healers favoured primary forest and wild habitats in terms of medicinal plant collection. About 7% of the healers did not consider season of the year as an important factor during harvesting of plant materials although the availability of certain plant parts could be directly related to season of the year. seriesEditor internal About 54% of the species reported being used were cited only once by the healers during the period of the current study. American Herbal Pharmacopoeia Grows Its Publishing Roots. uuid:75c45516-1ff1-490a-a1f8-18dec0e24e92 Trease and Evans' Pharmacognosy 16th edition. Agnes Kudolo Springer Nature ORCID Schema internal Map of study area showing communities where study was conducted. name Bag SeriesEditorInformation Text Herbalife Prices. GTS_PDFXConformance Reviews There are no reviews yet. Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (2015) 3rd edition Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine (2017) 10th edition Trease and Evans' Pharmacognosy 16th edition. Disclosure As the BP 2017 is legally effective from 1st January 2017, it is timely to consider the changes that are shaping the life sciences landscape, as well as current and future challenges and opportunities in ensuring the quality of medicines. In recognition of the global upsurge in the use of herbal and traditional medicines in recent times resulting in a huge market and wealth creation, the Federal Ministry of Health has inaugurated a 16-man Expert committee for the review of the first edition of the Nigeria Herbal Pharmacopoeia. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) 2017 supersedes the BP 2016 and becomes legally effective on 1 January 2017.This edition incorporates new BP and European Pharmacopoeia monographs and a significant number of revised monographs. Trends in the form of decoctions ( 67 % ) interviewed harvested plant materials by healers of... Global pharmacopoeial landscape are summarised as follows namely, Pteridium aquilinum ( L. ) Kuhn and Pteridium esculentum (.. Thai herbal Pharmacopoeia book now in Western African traditional medicine is an component... 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